A lack of care or awareness from drivers when travelling on country roads leads to higher fatality rates on them when compared to motorways or more urban areas.
Understanding the different circumstances or conditions that are often presented is highly beneficial if you are driving in rural areas.
Whether you’re a native of the countryside or an occasional visitor, these tips for rural driving should help you stay safe and avoid the hazards.
1. Speed limits, not targets
Designated speed limits are provided as a maximum legal guide, however situations such as sharps bends, unexpected hazards and changing conditions often mean that drivers should determine their speed by the circumstances and not the limits. Take care around corners as there can be cyclist, horses and walkers in the road
2. Winding roads
When driving on winding roads, slow your car ahead of the bend to a speed which will allow you to stop should a hazard emerge around the corner. Braking as you enter a bend will likely mean that you are going too fast and not in full control.
Look ahead and use tree lines, telegraph poles and hedges to determine where the road is going.
3. Flooding danger
After heavy rainfall, roads in rural areas often become flooded. Driving through floodwater should be avoided if possible, as it is difficult to determine the water’s depth and what debris might be under the surface.
If you have no option other than to drive through floodwater, do so at a slow pace and be prepared to reverse out, should it become too deep.
Always check your brakes after driving through deep water and if floodwater reaches the lower level of the doors, do not attempt to drive until a mechanic has looked at it.
4. Mud on the road
The prevalence of farm vehicles on rural roads inevitably means that there will sometimes be mud from the fields left on the highway. Mud, along with wet leaves that can accumulate on the road, can be incredibly slippery in wet conditions and therefore you should exercise caution and not travel round corners too quickly.
5. Manure on the road
Anyone driving on a rural road should expect to often share it with horses and their riders. Spotting a fresh pile of manure should alert you to the possibility that horses are not far away. Drivers should slow down and be prepared to stop if necessary. If you do need to pass a horse, stay at least a car’s width away and avoid sudden noises or movements.
6. Limited vision
Hedges and overgrown trees can make it difficult to clearly see the road ahead. This difficulty is increased in the summer, when there may also be more ramblers walking on the roads. Assess your speed according to your surroundings.
7. Reacting to wildlife
A natural instinct might be to swerve to avoid a rabbit or pheasant, but this is dangerous. Slight damage to your car is better than a serious accident due to losing control of your vehicle.
Larger animals present a bigger problem. Braking to reduce the severity of the impact is advisable and sounding your horn may also startle them to get out of the way.
8. Livestock movements can cause delays
Farmers often need to use the roads to move livestock to and from their fields, usually at dawn and at the end of the day. If the road is blocked by livestock the best thing to do is stop the car, turn off your engine and wait patiently.
9. Farm traffic & care with mud on the road around gates
Tractors and farm machinery on the road can be frustrating for drivers caught up in a queue. However, usually a tractor will not be travelling too far up the road, so it won’t be long before the road is clear again. If you do decide to overtake, make absolutely sure the road ahead is clear and consider any junctions ahead that motorists may pull out from.
Due to their size, tractors might swing out to the right before turning left, be aware of this before making the decision to overtake.
Farm vehicles leave mud on the road. This is often worse around farm gates – take care as the mud can cause loss of traction and make braking more difficult.
10. Ice on or under bridges or in shadows
The road surface on bridges will be the first to freeze when the temperate drops, whilst roads that run underneath them will often be the last to thaw. Consider your speed and stopping distance in icy conditions.
11. Churches and buildings are a sign
If you see a church or spire in the distance, you can guarantee that you are about to drive into a residential location – be prepared to reduce your speed.
12. White lines – read what they are telling you
Painted road markings indicate potential hazards and you should take extra care in areas with frequent paint work on the road and follow their instruction.